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5 Top Emerging Trends in Automotive Industry

Automotive industries always have something new and fresh. The major competition in this industry is all because of the innovations that each company comes up with. Latest trends in automotive industry is what most of us look into. So here read about the 5 top emerging trends in the automotive industry.

1. Electric Cars

An electric car is just like any other car, except it uses a battery to drive a powerful electric motor.

Pros

  • Energy efficient- Electric vehicles convert good amount of energy from the grid to power at the wheels. Whereas the conventional vehicles can convert only less amount of energy in comparison.
  • Environment friendly- Electric vehicles emit no tailpipe pollutants, although the power plant producing the electricity may emit them.
  • Performance benefits- Electric motors provide quiet, smooth operation and stronger acceleration and require less maintenance compared to gasoline vehicles.
  • Reduced energy dependence- Electricity is a domestic energy source.

Cons

  • Initial Investment- The vehicle cost is very high and important reasons for this is because of the raw materials used in the battery as well as the expensive processes involved in battery production.
  • Driving range- Electric vehicles have a shorter driving range than most conventional vehicles. Most electric vehicles can travel more than 100 miles on a charge, and some can travel in excess of 200 or 300 miles depending on the model.
  • Recharge time- Full recharging of the battery pack can take 3 to 12 hours.

2. 3D printing

For the past few decades, 3D printing in the automotive industry was primarily used by carmakers to create automotive prototypes to check their form and fit. Prototyping remains the primary application of 3D printing within the automotive industry. 3D printing is a natural fit to this distributed manufacturing model, as it provides quick way to iterate designs, customize parts and products on need basis, saving resources and reducing the need to keep the inventory.

By the application of 3D printing production costs can be reduced by 70%. With the growing demand for customized products and personalized experiences, automakers are increasingly offering their customers the ability to customize their vehicles. One way to make this customization economically viable is with 3D printing. Currently, 3D printing is most commonly used within motor sports to create parts to be tested out on this replica race car.

Ford and Volkswagen have already started implementing 3D printing in their manufacturing process

The different types of 3D printers employs different technologies that processes different materials in different ways. It is important to understand that one of the most basic limitations of 3D printing in terms of materials and applications is that some 3D printer processes powdered materials (nylon, plastic, ceramic, metal) which utilize a light/heat source to melt or fuse layers of the powder together in a defined shape. Others process polymer resin materials which again utilize a light/laser to solidify the resin in ultra thin layers. Jetting of fine droplets and reminiscent of 2D inkjet printing are the two 3D printing process.

Perhaps the most common and easily recognized process is deposition, and this is the process employed by the majority of entry-level 3D printers. Because the parts can be printed directly, it is possible to produce very detailed and intricate objects often with functionality built in and it nullifies the need for assembly. The use of 3D printing technology has potential effects on the global economy. The shift of production and distribution from the current model to a localized production based on demand could potentially reduce the imbalance of export and import between the countries.

3D printing has the potential to create new industries and completely new professions. There are opportunities for professional services around 3D printing ranging from new forms of product designers, printer operators and material suppliers to intellectual property legal disputes.

3. Autonomous Cars

An autonomous vehicle or a driver less vehicle is the one that can operate by itself and perform necessary functions without any human intervention through ability to sense its surroundings. It  utilities a fully automated driving system in order to allow the vehicle to respond to external conditions that a human driver would manage.

How Autonomous car works?

Autonomous cars use a broad set of sensors to see the environment around them, helping to detect objects such as pedestrians, other vehicles and road signs. Cameras help the car to view objects. It uses lasers to measure the distance between objects and the vehicle. Radar detects objects and tracks their speed and direction.

These sensors feed data back to the car’s control system or computer to help it make decisions about where to move or when to brake. A fully autonomous car needs a set of sensors that accurately detect objects, distance, speed and so on under all conditions and environments, without a human needing to intervene. Most autonomous vehicles will use artificial intelligence and Machine learning to process the data that comes from its sensors and to help make the decisions about its next actions.

Limitations

Climatic conditions would be the real challenge for these kinds of sensor operated cars. Without recognized regulations and standards no self-driving car, will make it on to the open road. Whether considered to be safe or not.

4. Tracking and Monitoring

The most basic and common use of the vehicle tracking system is with no doubt locating the vehicle. With the help of GPS, the system helps you get a live update of where your vehicle is and what condition it is in. The vehicle tracking device market growth is attributed to the rising demand for fleet management (set of softwares that uses GPS technology for locating vehicles) in the transportation and logistics industries. The government authorities are making regulations for vehicle tracking systems in passenger & commercial vehicles to improve the safety of passengers and drivers.

There are two types of vehicle trackers

  • Active Trackers
  • Passive Trackers

Active vehicle trackers are the ones that collect the fleet data such as GPS location, speed, heading and sometimes a trigger event such as key on/off, door open/closed and transmit these data in near-real-time via cellular or satellite networks to the fleet manager.

Whereas, the passive device also stores all these data. The only difference being, once the vehicle returns, the passive device is removed and the information is downloaded and then evaluated. Active Vehicle tracker is also known as Online vehicle tracker while Passive vehicle tracker is called offline vehicle tracker.

Vehicle tracking applications

  • Recovery of stolen vehicle
  • Maintenance
  • Fuel management
  • Transit tracking
  • Whether updates
  • Traffic updates
  • Distance calculation
  • Engine efficiency

 

5. Augmented reality

Smart design and comfort are the absolute standards for any modern car. Now customers expect the increased safety, assistance in navigation and other technical functions that would reduce the risk of a human mistake while driving. Augmented reality transforms many other aspects of the automotive industry such as showrooms, prototyping, car assembly and maintenance.

Today, we can certainly assume that the augmented reality has already entered the automobile industry. The vast majority of leading car manufacturers integrate AR features in particular production and marketing processes. BMW, Mercedes, Volvo and Volkswagen already use augmented reality

Given the enormous possibilities for the market of head up displays, the automotive companies are focused on the development of head up displays themselves and their connected sensors. Head up displays, which are now available to users usually provide a small-sized image with a low resolution. Therefore the image is not always clear, for example, in bright sunshine. In addition, the small size of the image does not allow realizing in full the potential of the AR technologies.

Thus, now automotive companies are working on the development of full windshield head up display, as well as sensors that can transmit real-time information about the vehicle conditions and environmental factors.

We humans accept all those innovations which can make our life easier. Automotive industry is a rapid changing one. With technological advancements and the upcoming automotive trends, the automotive industry is shifting its focus toward platform-based services, enhanced products for electrification and increased level of automation.

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